Dental caries

From Marspedia
Revision as of 13:55, 18 January 2013 by Rfc (talk | contribs) (better intro, more info)
Jump to: navigation, search

Due to mainly vegan food the risk of dental caries is something the settlers have to consider. This disease is closely related to a bacterium called streptococcus mutans, who feeds on carbohydrates. There are several ways to keep the teeth healthy. The most simple is a special diet that makes the bacteria unhappy, that is, prevents them to metabolize and reproduce. Other methods involve cleaning the teeth mechanically and treating them with some chemicals.


Fluoride for dental precaution may be imported from Earth. An autonomous colony may not be able to produce fluoride on their own. Concentrated fluoride from Earth may be mixed with Martian minerals and other substances to produce toothpaste.


Cauliflower, plums and some other plants contain Xylitol, which may help to prevent dental caries. Xylitol can be chemically made from maize.

  • Pure xylitol can be applied directly after each meal.
  • The meals can be composed to be rich in carbohydrates at first, then clean the teeth mechanically, then have a dessert' of low carb and xylitol rich food.

See also