Mars surface features

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Mars topography (MOLA dataset) HiRes (1).jpg

Mars has many surface features that are similar to these on Earth, and a few unique to the planet.

For a general description of the Martian geography, see the following article: Geography of Mars

Mars is roughly divided into two types of areas: The older Southern hemisphere, heavily cratered and at a relatively high altitude and the younger northern hemisphere, with a few significant asteroid impact and large plains.

Mars is also marked by three significant geological features: The Tharsis bulge, with a large number of volcanoes including the famous Olympus Mons, the Valles Marineris canyon(s) and the Hellas basin.






See the Mars atlas.