Difference between revisions of "Waste biomass recycling"

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All [[settlement|settlements]] generate waste [[biomass]] as a direct result of their biological population. '''Waste biomass recycling''' is a vital part of any [[colonization strategy]].
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[[Image:CompostWithEarthworm.jpg|right|frame|Compost with Earthworms]]
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All [[settlement|settlements]] generate waste [[biomass]] as a direct result of their biological population. '''Waste biomass recycling''' and recycling of [[water]] is a vital part of any [[colonization strategy]].
  
 
==Bone==
 
==Bone==
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==Urine==
 
==Urine==
Most terrestrial [[animal|animals]] flush waste from their bodies with [[water]], producing [[urine]].
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Most terrestrial [[animal|animals]] flush waste from their bodies with [[water]], producing [[feces|urine]].
 
===Industrial Chemicals===
 
===Industrial Chemicals===
 
Urine contains [[ammonia]] and [[urea]], both useful in industry. [[Saltpeter]] is harvested from stale urine.
 
Urine contains [[ammonia]] and [[urea]], both useful in industry. [[Saltpeter]] is harvested from stale urine.
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Biomass has been used in construction since the beginning of human history. [[Wood]] is often used by itself to construct large structures. Dead plants can be mixed with [[cob]] or [[brick]], adding strength.
 
Biomass has been used in construction since the beginning of human history. [[Wood]] is often used by itself to construct large structures. Dead plants can be mixed with [[cob]] or [[brick]], adding strength.
  
Από το στόμα σου και στου θεού τ αυτί M.Hulot, απ το στόμα σου και στου θεού τ αυτί.Εγώ ακόμα περιμένω ένα ελληνικό live που θα νοιώσεις ότι κάτι γίνεται εκεί αυτή τη στιγμή. Να υπάρχει επικοινωνία κοινού και μουσικού, να νοιώθεις ότι κάτι κάνουμε όλοι εμείς εδώ, για κάποιο λόγο βρισκόμαστε. Δεν είναι τόσο γαμημένα δύσκολο να είσαι ΑΠΟΛΥΤΑ ειλικρινής σαν καλλιτέχνης. Είσαστε μαζεμένα φρέσκα ελληνικά σχήματα που καραγουστάρουν, βρίσκεστε πρώτη φορά σε τόσο κόσμο, η φάση είναι τσάμπα (χειροκρότημα). Δεν είναι αυτές συνθήκες για fun, party, μήνυμα, επικοινωνία, συναίσθηση, να φέρεις τα πράματα στα όρια, να τα ξεπεράσεις;; δηλαδή πότε περιμένεις να το κάνεις το μπαμ; να προκαλέσεις; γιατί να μην κάνεις LIVE και να ΚΑΝΕΙΣ όπως ΚΑΝΟΥΝ στα live; ΚΑΝΕΙΣ ότι γίνεται κάτι [σπας την κιθάρα (χοντρό!)]. Κάντο!  Άμα το ΚΑΝΕΙΣ μπορεί και να τη σπάσεις, ναι. Κι άμα μιλάμε έτσι για την ελληνική σκηνή, καλύτερα να μη μιλήσω για το πόσο ψαρωμένο είναι το ελληνικό κοινό. και για το πόσο δύσκολο του είναι να συμμετάσχει στην παραγωγή μιας ατμόσφαιρας στο χώρο ότι είμαστε όλοι στο 100% γιατί κάποιος που θα μπορούσε να είμαι εγώ βγάζει το 100% του κι όχι οτι βλέπω τηλεόραση τώρα ή έναν αυστραλό που θέλω να δω πώς είναι η φάτσα του αλλά μου κόβει τη θέα συνέχεια το τσουτσέκι ο σεκιουριτάς (δεν ξέρω αν βγάζει νόημα αυτή η πρόταση). Βέβαια μπράβο στα παιδιά που γουστάρουν και παίζουν μουσική. Και βέβαια προσμετρώ το τρακ, την απειρία, την ηλικία.Σίγουρα η Mary είναι ΑΛΛΗ κλάση φωνή (απλά περιμένω να μεγαλώσει κ να μη επαναλαμβάνει mary&the boy - mary& the boy για να "ζεστάνει" τη φωνή της)Κατά τ άλλα, γαμώ να ξυπνήσει η πόλη. Ποια Γαλλία; videoart fest..
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==Miscellaneous Biomass==
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===Hydrocarbons===
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Many types of biomass are well suited to [[Hydrocarbon synthesis]]. [[Methane]] and other small [[hydrocarbon|hydrocarbons]] are produced naturally by certain types of [[microbes]] and cows as they feed on biomass.
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===Compost and Feed===
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Much of the waste biomass of a settlement can be used to feed the organisms in the [[greenhouse|greenhouses]]. [[Mushroom]], certain [[fish]] and [[insects]] feed directly on waste biomass, assimilating its chemical [[energy]] into their own metabolism. A [[compost]] heap is easy to maintain, even in a Martian settlement. Decayed plant remnants and [[feces]], combined with charcoal and lactic acid fermentation, mixed with [[regolith]], gives a high value humus, called [[Terra Preta]]. This would be an excellent [[soil]] for the [[greenhouse]].
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===Trickle Filter C.R.O.P.===
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A glass cylinder, filled with spongy lava stones, can decompose most organic wastes, including urine, feces, leftover food and plant parts. It uses bacteria, that are normally living in terrestrial soil. The columns are trickled with a steady stream of water. The [[DLR]] (Jens Hauslage) is working on the optimization of this principle for space stations and planetary missions.<ref>[http://www.dradio.de/dlf/sendungen/forschak/2098919/ Deutschland Radio: Ein Komposthaufen für die Raumstation (German)]</ref>
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<ref>[http://www.dlr.de/dlr/en/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-10081/151_read-17874/#/gallery/23027 Eu:CROPIS – Greenhouses for the Moon and Mars]</ref>
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==See also==
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*[[Recycling]]
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==References==
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<references/>
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[[category:Waste Management and Recycling]]

Latest revision as of 13:45, 18 December 2018

Compost with Earthworms

All settlements generate waste biomass as a direct result of their biological population. Waste biomass recycling and recycling of water is a vital part of any colonization strategy.

Bone

A settlement's initial supply of bone will be low, as the majority of farming will be plant-based.

Bone Ash

Bone ash is the result of burning bone. It is used in the manufacture of fertilizer and ceramics.

Bone Char

Bone char is created by charring bone. It is useful in filters, where it acts similarly to charcoal. It captures metals such as fluorine, copper, and zinc. Bone char is also used as a pigment.

Bone Meal

Crushed bone is used as a fertilizer.

Collagen and Gelatin

The bones and connective tissue of animals contain collagen, which can be extracted. The collagen can by hydrolyzed into gelatin, used in many foods and other products.

Urine

Most terrestrial animals flush waste from their bodies with water, producing urine.

Industrial Chemicals

Urine contains ammonia and urea, both useful in industry. Saltpeter is harvested from stale urine.

Fertilizer

Urine contains high levels of nitrogen and phosphorus.

Water

Urine can be filtered or distilled to provide water. This method of water reclamation is used on the ISS.

Antiseptic

In extreme emergencies, urine can be used as an antiseptic.

Plant Remnants

Plants grown primarily for food and life support can provide several side benefits.

Paper

The cell walls of plants contain cellulose, the main component of paper.

Textiles

From grass mats to fine linen, humans have been using plant fibers to make textiles.

Other Goods

Corn husks, wheat stalks, and vines can be made into a variety of goods.

Construction Materials

Biomass has been used in construction since the beginning of human history. Wood is often used by itself to construct large structures. Dead plants can be mixed with cob or brick, adding strength.

Miscellaneous Biomass

Hydrocarbons

Many types of biomass are well suited to Hydrocarbon synthesis. Methane and other small hydrocarbons are produced naturally by certain types of microbes and cows as they feed on biomass.

Compost and Feed

Much of the waste biomass of a settlement can be used to feed the organisms in the greenhouses. Mushroom, certain fish and insects feed directly on waste biomass, assimilating its chemical energy into their own metabolism. A compost heap is easy to maintain, even in a Martian settlement. Decayed plant remnants and feces, combined with charcoal and lactic acid fermentation, mixed with regolith, gives a high value humus, called Terra Preta. This would be an excellent soil for the greenhouse.

Trickle Filter C.R.O.P.

A glass cylinder, filled with spongy lava stones, can decompose most organic wastes, including urine, feces, leftover food and plant parts. It uses bacteria, that are normally living in terrestrial soil. The columns are trickled with a steady stream of water. The DLR (Jens Hauslage) is working on the optimization of this principle for space stations and planetary missions.[1] [2]

See also

References