Aquaculture

From Marspedia
Revision as of 12:39, 18 December 2018 by Jburk (talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search

The farming of aquatic organisms is called Aquaculture. Fish and algae farming could be beneficial to a settlement. Aquaculture is more resource intensive than plant-based agriculture, but is often more efficient than growing terrestrial animals, especially as part of a wastewater and biomass recycling program.

Algae in algaculture with bubbles of oxygen

Fish Farming

Fish will likely be grown in enclosed tanks in dedicated areas of a settlement. Once resources are sufficient, some fish may be grown in community areas in open pools or in private aquariums as pets.

Algaculture

Microalgaculture

Single celled algae (microalgae) is grown in tanks of aerated (with carbon dioxide), nutrient rich water. Waste biomass and wastewater can be used as a nutrient source, as long as they are free of toxic chemicals. When the algae has reached the desired population density, the water is filtered, and the algae removed for processing.

Greenhouses are a good location for microalgae, due to the abundant light.

Macroalgaculture

Multicelled algae (macroalgae), such as seaweed, can be grown in tanks. Fish may be integrated with macroalgae, as long as they do not feed on it. The waste of the fish feeds the algae.

Mollusculture

As long as clean water and food is continually cycled, many sedentary species of mollusk can be grown at a relatively high population density. Commonly farmed mollusks include geoducks, abalones, and clams.

Integrated Aquaculture

The various forms of aquaculture may be integrated with each other, or even with aquatic or hydroponic plants. Even herbivorous fish may be grown in tanks with plants and macroalgae, as long as they are separated by nets or screens.