Foundation of an Autonomous Colony

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The Foundation of an Autonomous Colony on another cosmic body is one of the most challenging tasks for humanity. Though it requires enormous effort, the effort to expand the influence of mankind throughout the Solar system is worthwhile enough.


Bringing down Phobos before a settlement is built may help to make Mars safe for the long term.

Since people can not live in the natural environment a basic artificial habitat with houses, supplies and equipment for a long term stay is deposited on Mars' surface. The equipment is technologically sufficient to allow the colonists to grow their own food, build new houses etc.

The Departure

The transportation of colonists is the most complicated part. Health threats or even death during the journey is hard to avoid. See also: Solar Radiation, Cosmic Radiation, Meteorites

Organizational Issues

The preparation costs for a mission like this is tremendous. A financial effort estimation helps to get an overview.

In a small group of colonists a daily council of all members is held. In a growing community some kind of representative democracy becomes necessary.

A growing number of members in a martian population goes along, unfortunately, with a growing number of cases of death. The way of arranging funerals is to be discussed.

Medical Issues


Before heading for Mars any crew is quarantined to ensure they do not suffer from infectious diseases. As a result, the martian colony should be more or less free from pathogenic germs, which saves medical effort. However, for children born on Mars an even more effective vaccination program will be necessary to stimulate the development of Mars-born immune systems.


During settlement planning, if the human population is to reproduce, careful consideration into the size of the starting population must be carried out. The size of the human population must not be too small due to the risk of inbreeding depression (causing genetic disorders) and it must not be too big due to the risk of overpopulation (causing lack of food/resources).

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