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Wheat is a grain. As such, it can be easily eaten plain, ground into flour and baked into bread or brewed into beer. Wheat is the only common grain[1] which is high enough in gluten to generate large amounts of gas during the baking process, which leads to a risen (fluffy) bread.

Combined with beans, grains can make a complete, although sparse, diet.

Wheat production rates can reach 5 to 10 tonnes per Hectare.[2] This is about half the production rate of rice. However, wheat has a higher energy density.

Crop Tonnes/ha kg/m2 kilocalorie/kg kilocalorie/m2
Rice China 17 1.7 1300 2210
Wheat USA 10 1.0 3400 3400


  1. J. Seymour - The concise guide to self-sufficiency ISBN 978-1-4053-2020-7 p. 158
  2. https://farmdocdaily.illinois.edu/2018/07/international-benchmarks-for-wheat-production.html