Interplanetary communications between the Earth and Mars will be required for a Martian settlement.
As of 2019, The Deep Space Network (DSN) provides the infrastructure for interplanetary communication between the Earth and Mars. Antennas on Earth, orbiters in Mars orbits and landers and rovers on the surface.
In the future, the communication requirements will grow tremendously and the DSN will need to be replaced More bandwidth Higher frequency More power Interplanetary Internet
The latency problem
Supported on Mars by Information infrastructure and Communication systems
Internet on Mars Internet on Ships Internet on Aircraft