National Space Society
The National Space Society (NSS) is an international nonprofit 501(c)(3) educational and scientific organization specializing in space advocacy. NSS is a member of the Independent Charities of America and an annual participant in the Combined Federal Campaign.
The National Space Society's vision is: People living and working in thriving communities beyond the Earth, and the use of the vast resources of space for the dramatic betterment of humanity. — National Space Society vision statement
The Society supports manned space missions as well as unmanned space missions, which are remotely controlled or robotic space probes by both the public (e.g., NASA, Russian Federal Space Agency and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) and private sector (e.g., Ansari X Prize, Transformational Space, Scaled Composites, etc.) organizations.
The National Space Society was established in the United States on March 28, 1987, by the merger of the National Space Institute, founded by Dr. Wernher von Braun, and the L5 Society, based on the concepts of Dr. Gerard K. O'Neill.Template:Cn
The society enjoys the support of, and is served by, an elected volunteer Board of Directors  and Board of Governors  consisting of such individuals as astronauts Buzz Aldrin, Michael Collins (astronaut)|Michael Collins, Frank Borman, Jim Lovell, John Glenn, Harrison Schmitt, Gerald P. Carr|Gerald Carr, William Pogue and Kenneth Money, writers C. J. Cherryh and Ben Bova, actors and entertainers Tom Hanks, Lance Bass, Nichelle Nichols and Bruce Boxleitner, scientists Dr. Alan Binder, Dr. K. Eric Drexler, Dr. David Criswell, Maria Luise von Quistorp|Maria von Braun and many others.
The chairman of the society's Board of Governors is former American Broadcasting Company|ABC-TV 20/20 (US television series)|20/20 host and news anchor Hugh Downs. The chairman of the Board of Directors is Kirby Ikin. The current Executive Director of NSS as of April 2010 is Gary Barnhard who replaced George T. Whitesides after he accepted an offer to work on the NASA transition team with the Obama administration in 2009, eventually securing a position as chief of staff to NASA administrator Charles Bolden before becoming the CEO and president of Virgin Galactic, in late 2010.
International Space Development Conference
The National Space Society hosts an annual International Space Development Conference (ISDC) held in major cities and venues throughout the United States. Often been held during or close to the Memorial Day weekend, the 30th ISDC in 2011 "From the Ground Up" is being held May 18-21 at the Wernher von Braun Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The general public is provided the opportunity to follow key remarks and presentations via video streaming, provided by Spacevidcast. In 2009, Spacevidcast became the exclusive webcaster of the ISDC 
As part of its coverage of the ISDC, Spacevidcast hosts provided live video webcasts of the main presentations as well as an option for viewers to send questions via the chat room. The videos were also made available on demand. In addition to direct coverage of the conference, Spacevidcast also broadcast a regular weekly show from the ISDC 2009 setting and the hosts participated in a panel discussion on May 29 entitled Space Media 2.0.
Archived files of past ISDC conferences can also be reviewed via the Islandone.org ISDC website.
NSS also sponsors and supports smaller, regional conferences as well.Template:Cn The Society's magazine Ad Astra (magazine)|Ad Astra is published quarterly.
NSS Chapters network
Image:US chapters map.gif|thumb|left|280px|Locations and “sphere of operation” of current NSS chapters in the United States (image courtesy of NSS) Image:World chapters map.gif|thumb|right|200px|Regional areas in the World where current NSS chapters are located (image courtesy of NSS)
A large number of NSS chapters exist around the world as a means to involve members in local groups for a variety of purposes. Some of these purposes include space advocacy, education, volunteering, and technical projects that can excite and energize the grassroots space movement.Template:Cn
NSS chapters may serve a local area such as a school, city or town, or have a topical or special interest focus, such as a rocketry or astronomy club, or educational/community outreach program. Chapters are the peripheral organs of the society by organizing events, communicating with the public on the merits and benefits of space exploration, working to educate political leaders, and inspiring new generations of space activists.Template:Cn
Active chapters are eligible to receive a number of resources regularly supplied by NSS. For example, chapters may establish a local web site on the NSS Chapter Network.Template:Cn
Physical resources, such as NSS banners, copies of Ad Astra (magazine)|Ad Astra magazine, membership brochures and the like are provided to chapters on an ad hoc basis, usually upon request via the chapters committee.Template:Cn
Image:NSSA chapters map.gif|thumb|left|280px|Location of current NSS chapters in Australia (image courtesy of NSS) Image:Euro chapters map.gif|thumb|right|190px|Present location of current NSS chapters within the European Union (image courtesy of NSS) A very strong contingent of chapters is located in Australia. Prior to the NSI-L5 merger, the L5 Society had been developing chapters around the world, and in Australia, three chapters had been established. The 'Southern Cross L5 Society' was formed in 1979, with groups in Sydney, Adelaide (in 1984) and Brisbane (in 1986).
As the NSS network in Australia developed and chapter membership numbers grew, the need became apparent for a greater national structure to be developed to coordinate the many activities of the Society.Template:Cn
Following discussion with all chapters, it was decided in late 1989 to create the National Space Society of Australia (NSSA) which could act as an umbrella organization under which all chapters could operate, providing for them a single identity in which to be recognized by, and through which resources, finances and administration could be pooled for the better operation of all chapters. The change to NSSA, while linking to the parent organization, has helped to further strengthen NSSA's own independent, self-governed identity in Australia.
Similar efforts have taken hold in Brazil, Canada and Mexico, as well as European countries that have a strong aerospace presence. NSS chapters within the European Union include France, Germany and the Netherlands.
Individuals interested in joining as an individual member or forming a chapter of like-minded peers within their own community can fill out a "Request to form an NSS chapter" form either in writing, by going on-line to the main website, or by personally calling the Washington, D.C. headquarters office for more information or assistance.
- San Diego Space Society
- Orange County Space Society
Image:Abc seal.png|thumb|left|100px|The Independent Charities of America's Seal of Excellence The National Space Society was awarded the "Five-Star Best in America" award by the Independent Charities of America organization in 2005:
"Space Exploration Is Good For Everyone" There is a great need today to convince the American public that boldly exploring and developing space is very important! The average American is focused on their wealth, health, and safety. They do not see the relevance of space. They have not forgotten space; they just do not see that going there is necessary - they see it as a luxury for better times. But space exploration today is improving the lives of ALL Americans! — Independent Charities of America website
The Independent Charities' Seal of Excellence is awarded to the members of Independent Charities of America and Local Independent Charities | Local Independent Charities of America that have, upon rigorous independent review, been able to certify, document, and demonstrate on an annual basis that they meet the highest standards of public accountability, program effectiveness, and cost effectiveness. These standards include those required by the US Government for inclusion in the Combined Federal Campaign , probably the most exclusive fund drive in the world. According to Independent Charities, of the 1,000,000 charities operating in the United States today, it is estimated that fewer than 50,000, or 5 percent, meet or exceed these standards, and, of those, fewer than 2,000 have been awarded this Seal.
Additionally, NSS manages a number of awards via an awards committee. These are typically presented during the annual International Space Development Conference that NSS hosts. These awards are in recognition of individual volunteer effort, awards for NSS chapter work, the "Space Pioneer" award, and two significant awards which are presented in alternate years:
- The Robert A. Heinlein Memorial Award, given in even-numbered years (2004, 2006, etc.). The 2006 recipient was retired Air Force Brigadier General Chuck Yeager|Charles E. "Chuck" Yeager for his pioneering efforts in aeronautics with the Bell X-1 rocket-powered flights of the late 1940s and early 1950s.
- The NSS Von Braun Award, given in odd-numbered years (2003, 2005, etc.). The 2005 recipient was Burt Rutan in recognition for his achievements in the development of SpaceShipOne, winner of the $10 million Ansari X Prize.
Other scholarships and award activities NSS provides or assists with include the following awards:
- The NSS-ISU scholarship, worth $12,000, to the International Space University. Application deadline is December 31 of each year, for study during the following year. The 2005 recipient was Robert Guinness of St. Louis;
- EURISY international youth science fiction writing competition (NSS provided US support in 2005), and;
- Permission to Dream space adventure for students, teachers and parents from the Space Frontier Foundation which is partly sponsored by NSS.
NSS releases "To Touch the Stars" CD
Image:Totouchthestars-large.jpg|thumb|right|200px|CD cover of To Touch the Stars: A Musical celebration of Space Exploration by the National Space Society, the Mars Society and Prometheus Music. An NSS-sponsored CD of songs celebrating the history and future of space exploration was released on December 31, 2003.
"To Touch The Stars: A Musical celebration of Space Exploration" was a joint project of the NSS, the Mars Society and Seattle-based music publisher Prometheus Music. Six years in the making, the 17 tracks span a stylistic range including folk music, rock and roll, majestic ballads and ska.
The top entrants of the NSS Apollo Awards for Space Songwriting are also featured on the CD, and various selections have been turned into fan-based music videos currently posted on YouTube and other video sharing websites:
- Witnesses’ Waltz (Kristoph Klover)
- Fire in the Sky (Kristoph Klover)
- Now's the Time (for Us) to touch a Star (Karl Franzen)
- Hope Eyrie (Version 1) (Julia Ecklar)
- Hope Eyrie (Version 2) (Julia Ecklar)
- Surprise! (Gunnar Madsen)
- If We Had No Moon (Christine Lavin)
In celebration of the successful arrival of the Phoenix Mars Lander on Mars, "To Touch the Stars" has been made available for free listening in CD-quality streaming audio. Teachers and space educators may also contact the publisher for a free digital download of the album.
- Space advocacy
- Space colonization
- Space exploration
- Vision for Space Exploration
- "National Space Society 'blitzes' Congress on NASA budget" Space.com - Mar. 5, 2007
- "National Space Society to Host 26th Annual Conference in Dallas, Convening Pioneers from Government and Private Space Programs" SpaceRef.com - Feb. 21, 2007
- GuideStar - National Space Society Information on NSS listed in GuideStar, a national database of nonprofit organizations
- About the NSS
- NSS Worldwide
- National Space Society official website
- Ad Astra online edition
- National Space Society Chapters Network Resources for NSS chapters, members and space activists.
- "LIVE" Streaming video broadcast from ISDC 2007 in Dallas, TX
- The National Space Society Page on the Meade 4M Community website
- Archive of previous International Space Development Conferences
- Electro-Magnetic Development of Space (in Russian)
- Electro-Magnetic Development of Space PowerPoint Presentation, San Marino, Apr 2010.
Category:Non-profit organizations based in Washington, D.C. Category:Space advocacy organizations Category:1986 establishments
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