Mercury

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Mercury is a small rocky planet in the inner solar system. As Mercury is deep in the Sun's gravity well, the energy to move materials from Mercury to Mars is very high. Reaching low orbit from the surface requires 3km/second in high thrust v, with another ~9km/second required to reach Earth or Mars[1][2]. This Failed to parse (MathML with SVG or PNG fallback (recommended for modern browsers and accessibility tools): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle \Delta} v can be produced using electric propulsion , probably as Solar Electric Propulsion. Mercury could eventually serve as a source of power for the solar system, as the solar flux at the surface, 9159 W/m2, is very high, compared to Earht's 1350 w/m2 or Mars' 600 W/m2. Beamed power could be sent to other planets in the solar system from Mercury's surface, although this might better be achieved using solar orbital power stations.

If mass drivers ever become common in the solar system, making the energy to transfer material from one gravity well to another a trivial cost, Mercury might serve as a mining resource. It has a very high density, and material from the core might be more easily accessible than for other planets.

Similar to the moon, it has a metal rich regolith along with what appears to be permanently shaded regions at the poles that may harbor water or possibly other volatiles[3]. As such, some have discussed the colonization of Mercury[4].BepiColombo, due to reach Mercury in 2025 will provide more detailed observations of the planet.