Ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol or grain alcohol, is the most common alcohol. Its formula is C2H5OH. It is clear and colorless. Ethanol is useful mixed into gasoline because it has a higher octane number than gasoline, reducing engine knocking.
Ethanol is produces from biomass, a wide variety of plant material.
Ethylene is hydrated to produce ethanol.
Ethanol is an effective solvent for many chemicals.
Ethanol is used to preserve fruits and other foods.
Ingestion of ethanol in food or drink causes intoxication. It is a mild depressant, and impares judgement and reduces inhibitions. Managed use of ethanol may be used to raise morale. Ethanol ingestion will likely be restricted heavily in a settlement due to the risk to oneself and others.
- “Ethanol.” n.d. U.S. Department of Energy: Alternative Fuels Data Center.