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Carbohydrates are a class of organic molecules used to store energy and provide support. They are an important part of the human diet. Most carbohydrates will be produced by plants in greenhouses. Sugars are carbohydrates.

Energy Storage

Many carbohydrates such as Starch, glucose, lactose, and fructose are used for energy storage by plants and animals.

Structural Support

Chitin is used by insects and other arthropods for support and protection. Cell walls made of cellulose are a defining characteristic of plants. This carbohydrate, in concert with lignin, provides the majority of the stregnth needed for trees to support their own weight.

Open Issues

  • What carbohydrates can be produced artificially?